Choking in infants and children is one of the biggest fears of parents. It can be caused by food, ingestion of objects and toys. Statistically, children under the age of five are at greatest risk of suffocation caused by swallowed objects, but the younger ones are exposed to greater danger because they don’t notice or ignore possible dangers.
One of the most important tips is the prevention and removal of all possible dangerous items that a child may wish to swallow.
When babies begin to crawl and walk, they love to explore, and then push things into their mouths. This is not anything unusual, and it’s a normal process of growing up, but babies are at that time in an extremely high risk of choking with small items.
How to prevent this:
– Remove all small objects from their reach
– always select toys suitable for the child’s age (toys without small parts that can be easily discarded and swallowed)
– pay attention to the appearance of clothing items (possible hanging ribbons, buttons)
– Keep plastic bags away from children (although they are not interesting to children, don’t leave them unattended because they can easily wrap around the child’s head and cause choking)
– pay attention to the length of the curtain (children also adore to wrap themselves around them, which again causes a certain risk)
Small children tend to choke on pieces of food due to the inability to completely chew it, but also because they are unaware of the danger. It is therefore very important to keep an eye on the child when eating. From the start of the meal, repeat the importance of chewing food.
Also, it is important to pay attention to the amount and size of pieces of food you give to a child. Apart from food, potential problems are also toys, and it is almost unbelievable, but it is important to know that latex balloons are the most common causes of death by suffocation in babies and young children.
Children love to play with balloons and pop them, and popped balloons then easily end up in the child’s mouth or nose where they cause choking. In addition to balloons, it is important to remove small or broken pieces of toys that are easily inhaled in the child’s nose or throat or even the ear.
In addition to the obvious, children love and touch what may not sound as a threat to adults, such as coins or tiny batteries.
What to do when an infant is choking?
1. Turn the baby with the face on your lap or over your arm.
2. Hold the baby’s head with one hand, which should be lower than the baby’s chest.
3. Pat the baby on the back with the other hand, between the shoulder blades.
4. If the baby still does not breathe, try pushing the chest while holding the baby face up, but still holding its head lower than the chest. Place two fingers on its chest and squeeze it for five times. Repeat this action until the baby releases the object of choking.